Less than truckload shipping (LTL)
Less than truckload shipping is the transportation of relatively small freight. The alternatives to LTL carriers are parcel carriers or full truckload carriers. Parcel carriers usually handle small packages and freight that can be broken down into units less than 150 pounds (68 kg). Full truckload carriers move freight that is loaded into a semi-trailer. Semi trailers are typically between 26 and 53 feet (7.92 and 16.15 m) and require a substantial amount of freight to make such transportation economical.
Full truckload shipping (FTL)
Full truckload shipping contracts an entire trailer-load to a single customer. One advantage Full Truckload (FTL) carriers have over Less than Truckload carriers is that the freight is never handled en route.
In Bond (United States)
In Bond is a U.S. shipment type for goods to clear through CBP. It allows for the inland movement of goods that have not been Customs released. An In Bond Shipment is required for cargo to move to an inland port to be Customs released, or to transit (pass through) the U.S. destined to another country, or to be immediately exported. Only bonded carriers are entitled to transport In Bond Shipments.
In Bond (Canada)
In Bond is a Canadian Shipment type for goods to clear throug CBSA. It allows for the inland movement of goods that have not yet obtained Customs release. The In Bond process begins when a carrier elects to put the shipment in bond rather than having it pre-cleared (i.e. PARS ) or otherwise released at the border. This can be done for any number of logistical reasons or at the importer's request. The carrier declares the shipment as an In Bond when the driver arrives at the border by reporting the shipment as In Bond on their ACI eManifest and presenting a paper A8A form to the officer. CBSA will then authorize the movement of the goods, allowing them to delivered to a specified sufferance warehouse or another CBSA office to await Customs release. The carrier must then wait for a formal entry to be filed by the Customs Border before the goods can be removed from the warehouse for delivery to the consignee.
Only a bonded highway carrier is entitled to use the In Bond process. Carriers with Carrier Codes beginning with 1 or 7 (non-bonded carriers) cannot move goods in bond.